Live blogging from the American Society of Landscape Architects 2010 Expo and Design Conference in Washington, D.C., held at the Convention Center on September 10-12.
The ASLA’s annual conference involves, tours, workshops, educational sessions, people trying to sell design-type stuff (like Crate & Barrel’s indoor sitting area in a hallway of the conference center), and well, lots of sitting. Majora Carter, founder of Sustainable South Bronx, is a keynote speaker along with Richard Jackson of UCLA’s School of Public Health.
I attended a session called “Retrofitting Surburban Corridors” that highlighted some of the mixed-use options for development in low-density, suburban areas. The planners and designers who presented — all based in the Baltimore region — discussed the conflict of malls and Big Box stores with smart design. They also discussed how to improve five-lane roadways that one presenter called “The Beast.” The session highlighted a few case studies and techniques that can transform a space functioning as a corridor for cars into development that attracts people and incorporates county and state master plans for smart growth.
The major ways to reform such a multi-lane road corridor, the speakers said, are to re-envision the streetscape through the following ways:
- Develop a wider sidewalk
- Put parking in the rear of buildings
- Bring buildings closer to the street so that their entrances are right along the sidewalk
- Focus on 3- to 5-storey buildings that encourage multi-use, as opposed to a 1-storey sprawling building.
The discussion on Big Box stores focused on their inevitably and some of the methods architects and planners might employ to create a sense of place. Although hard to finance and find a willing developer, these designs are becoming more common:
- Focus on connectivity: Strip malls can link to other strip malls so people are easily able to walk from one to the other.
- Establish mixed-use zoning: Apartments above a grocery store might seem unusual but it encourages clustered development and stronger communities.
- Be creative about design: There are examples of Big Box stores integrating themselves more sensitively with their surroundings. For example, a Wal-Mart could be located behind and restaurants placed in front. And the store could have a smaller, less visible entrance with parking in the back, not the front. Rather than a blank wall, it’s possible for these stores to have a more varied relationship with their surroundings.
The speakers at the conference included:
Matthew D’Amico, Design Collective, Inc.
Arnold F. Keller, Baltimore County Office of Planning
Marsha McLaughlin, Howard County Office of Planning and Zoning