Human society has a lot riding on the transport sector. Safe, efficient, and sustainable transport not only has the potential to enhance or degrade the public spaces, health, and economic dynamism of where the majority of humanity lives – in cities – it also has a significant impact on our planet. With cities already producing 75 percent of global CO2 emissions – due in large part to urban transport – and projected to generate 65 percent of global economic growth by 2025, they are the battleground where the fight for sustainable development will be won or lost.
So it’s encouraging that some major players recently called for action so that cities and their transport systems can grow sustainably. Two weeks ago, EMBARQ, the sustainable transport and urban development program of the World Resources Institute (WRI), and the World Bank co-hosted Transforming Transportation, with the support of a team of partner organizations. The two-day event concluded with the announcement of Transport Delivers, a global campaign calling city and national leaders to better integrate sustainable transport into policy discussions on development and climate change. If the campaign’s objectives are fully implemented, they could be a game-changer for today’s cities – as well as tomorrow’s.
Transport Delivers, spearheaded by the Partnership on Sustainable Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT) will help create and promote a collective voice on sustainable, low-carbon transport that will inform political discussions of both the Open Working Group (OWG) on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the deliberations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Given the upcoming Climate Summit 2014 hosted by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, the definition of the SDGs in Paris in 2015, and the 20th and 21st Conference of the Parties (COP) to the UNFCCC in Lima in 2014 and Paris in 2015, the next two years represent a critical opportunity to embed transport into the heart of global climate change and development commitments.
The Transport Delivers campaign was announced by Cornie Huizenga, joint convener of SLoCaT. Because building a sustainable future for our society and our planet requires a goal-driven strategy, Transport Delivers has articulated four calls to action to accelerate the implementation of sustainable transport solutions like public transport, bike lanes, and pedestrian walkways. These new objectives build on the voluntary commitments on sustainable transport developed at the Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable Development in June 2012.
Sustainable Transport Training, Financing, and Policies
The first call to action proposed by Transport Delivers involves creating a project preparatory facility. The facility, which would provide at least US$ 100 million for the period between 2014 and 2016, would help ensure that enough high-quality, sustainable projects will be available for financing by the multilateral development banks. This plans builds on the MDBs’ commitment announced last year to invest US$ 175 billion in sustainable transport in developing countries over 10 years.
The second action involves capacity-building. Transport Delivers is calling for an effort to train one million people on sustainable transport in the next 10 years. While the effort will require coordination between the academic, transport, government, and private sectors, the potential impact of mainstreaming sustainable transport education is vast. In 2008 alone, 5 million first university degrees were awarded in science and engineering worldwide. We need to seize this opportunity to raise awareness and understanding of sustainable transport among the millions of individuals already trained in engineering, in addition to reaching a wider audience of decision-makers and urban residents alike.
The third area for action relates to one of the most common barriers to implementing sustainable transport projects – financing. A crucial step to leveraging funds dedicated by the MDBs – or alternative sources of funding such as climate finance – is for countries to establish national governing bodies dedicated to overseeing finance for sustainable transport. Transport Delivers seeks to encourage 10 countries to structure processes for sustainable transport financing based on existing models in Brazil, Colombia, India, and Mexico. However, in light of recent research from WRI, we must also keep in mind the major role the private sector has to play in transport finance. The Trillion Dollar Question, the first attempt to quantify public vs. private transport investment, reveals that private transport investment far outweighs public globally. Thus, leveraging public resources and attracting private investment are both crucial steps to shifting investment toward sustainable, low-carbon transport solutions.
Finally, the fourth commitment sought by Transport Delivers calls for 100 countries to pledge additional voluntary actions by selecting one or more policy actions from a menu of 10 options provided by SLoCaT. The policy options will be focused on one of SLoCaT’s three main target areas: improved access, road safety, and environmental performance of transport.
Toward the Post-2015 Framework for Global Action
It’s going to require an integrated approach to tackle the world’s biggest challenges – namely unprecedented urbanization, climate change, and poverty. While Transport Delivers puts forth inspiring ideas, these initiatives are still just proposals at this point. The success of the campaign will be measured by the means in which transport is integrated into global discussions – and progress – on sustainable development and climate change. Fully implementing the four calls to action can help position sustainable transport as a key enabler of economic opportunity, higher quality of life, and environmental sustainability – particularly in cities.
Transport Delivers set a high bar for ambitious, catalytic goals announced at Transforming Transportation, but the context of next year’s conference will be even more exciting. Leading into COP 21 and the definition of the SDGs, Transforming Transportation 2015 will present a unique opportunity to gauge the progress of Transport Delivers, and a final chance to convene experts ahead of the discussions that will shape the course of change for human society. I hope to see you there.