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San Francisco to Lead U.S. in Congestion Charging?

Bay Bridge traffic jam
Photo of Golden Gate Bridge congestion in San Francisco by Sonja_Boeckmann from Flickr

The second-most congested city in the nation is considering a plan to charge motorists to drive on local roads in an effort to relieve traffic woes.

A top transportation official in San Francisco recently said that charging motorists to reduce congestion is “totally doable,” but the city has yet to gain public and political support for the plan, according to the San Francisco Chronicle.

This Wednesday, December 3 at 6:00 p.m., the Citizens Advisory Committee of the San Francisco County Transportation Authority hopes to “adopt a motion of support” to further analyze congestion pricing scenarios. (Read the full memo here.)

Currently, San Francisco transportation planners find that “a congestion pricing program for San Francisco would be both technically feasible and effective,” but the various options still “require further development and analysis before determining whether and when to implement the program.”

If a formal program is adopted, this would put San Francisco in the same realm as other major cities, including Stockholm, Singapore and London, that have already implemented similar congestion pricing plans.

THE PROBLEM

According to the Advisory Committee’s memo:

  • “On average, peak-period travel times are about twice as long as in the off-peak”
  • “In 2005 alone, San Francisco sacrificed over $2 billion in lost time and out-of-pocket costs such as excess fuel for individuals and commercial transportation.”
  • “Transportation is responsible for about half of greenhouse gas emissions in San Francisco, with 47 percent of the total contributed by private automobiles”

THE MOST EFFECTIVE POLICY

The goal of congestion charging is to reduce travel delays and greenhouse gas emissions, while at the same time improving public transit systems and driver experiences.
San Francisco’s Mobility, Access and Pricing Study (MAPS), funded by the Federal Highway Administration, analyzed different congestion charging scenarios and so far concluded that the most effective fee policy would be $3 per trip for motorists during weekday peak periods (e.g., 6:00 – 9:00 a.m. and 3:00 – 7:00 p.m.) Taxis would be exempt from the fee, and other groups, including low income travelers, commercial transportation fleets and disabled motorists, would be offered discounts ranging from 33 to 50 percent.The city estimates that the fees would total $35 million to $65 million in annual net revenues, which would be reinvested to improve San Francisco’s transportation systems.

PUBLIC DEBATE

A recent blog post on SFist.com sparked a heated debate about the idea of forcing motorists to pay up in order to get downtown. Here are some of their comments:
“The problem with congestion pricing is that it is regressive, affecting people who have lower incomes far more than people who make the big bucks,” writes melmelish.

“This idea will KILL business in SAN FRANCISCO,” says spysea.

“This is a far too typically SF-style “solution” to a complex problem: make it more difficult to drive, but offer no alternatives, i.e. improved bus/rail service, flexible work schedules, increased park/ride options,” says SFX.

“I still don’t understand why they don’t just implement a huge downtown parking tax for all meters and garages…This would have the same end effect of reducing car trips into downtown, no? That said, there needs to be more carrot and less stick in this plan,” says Karst.

And finally:

“This seems like a typical City anti-car measure that punishes drivers without providing an alternative. There are obviously a few car-hating posters on this board, but they do not reflect the feelings of the majority of people who live and work in the City who find using a car to be their most desirable alternative,” says SFBurke.

While some people said congestion pricing was a good idea, the overwhelming response indicated anxiety and frustration over the city’s current transportation scheme, which is considered largely inadequate to accommodate rush-hour commuters.
To engage in the public discussion, you can attend this month’s hearing:

Monday, December 8, 5:30 – 7:00 pm, San Francisco Ferry Building, Port Commission Hearing Room, 2nd Floor. For more info, click here.

STUDY TIMELINE

How did this San Fran study come about?
In January 2006, the Federal Highway Administration awarded a $1.04 million grant to the San Francisco County Transportation Authority to study congestion pricing and mobility.

In March 2007, the Authority initiated the Mobility, Access and Pricing Study (MAPS), making San Francisco the first city to study congestion pricing and mobility in a U.S. metropolitan area.

See related posts on thecityfix.com:

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