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The Case for The Pedicab

Pedicabs like this one above are found throughout the world. Photo by drs2biz from Flickr.

To celebrate World Town Planning Day, the Ontario Planners Institute called on planners, towns and cities to “start planning ahead for a future where the car is a thing of the past.” Although it’s difficult to imagine a post-car city, we only have to look back to recent history to realize that cities are fluid, transforming over time, often based on the dominant form of transport. Because most of our cities emerged during the age of the automobile, it should come as no surprise that most of our cities have been shaped for and by the car. But this wont always be the case. The rising cost of oil and the environmental and human cost of congestion and air pollution is turning the logic of car-dominated cities on its head. As we explore options for a post-car future, it’s instructive to turn to the developing world, where cars still haven’t flooded the streets, and examine one of the most ubiquitous and green-friendly forms of transportation: the pedicab.

In our automobile driven cities, the pedicab occupies the bottom rung of the transportation ladder, frowned upon by both rich and poor alike. Where buses are seen as undisciplined nuisances with which cars must begrudgingly share the road, the pedicab is viewed as a backwards mutant not even deserving of the asphalt. Even pollution spewing autorickshaws and tuktuks are preferred to the pedicab. Some even refer to pedicabs as “road roaches” because they scamper and scatter in and out of traffic like cockroaches in the light. But as far as green cred goes, all other modes of transport pale in comparison to these human powered vehicles. Pedicabs generate no emissions and produce no waste, unlike cars and buses, with their heavy metals from used batteries that leech into the soil.

As far as low barriers to entry, the pedicab business is one the Bottom of the Pyramid folks at Nextbillion would love. You could literally buy hundreds of pedicabs for the price of one bus. Plus all building materials can be sourced locally, so there’s no need to import spark plugs or oil filters or engines. What’s more, there’s no need to buy oil that supports oppressive petrocracies. And the technology is so simple that self-repair is the rule rather than the exception. Bike infrastructure can help power local economies, as it has in Portland, Oregon, where an entire industry revolving around bicycling has emerged.

Pedicabs are unsafe only when they mix with other vehicles, affording little protection to the driver and the riders. And perhaps that’s the design challenge that our cities and city planners could solve. It is clear that our streets were not designed for pedicabs which must vie for a slice of the road with fast moving buses, trucks and SUVs. But what if cities built a city-wide green network anchored on shared roads for bikes, pedicabs, and pedestrians? Cities could set apart secondary and tertiary roads and designate them as green ways. They could redesign the road right-of-way to be friendlier to pedestrians, bikes and pedicabs. We could create a modified version of the Woonerf street to build alternative transport infrastructure that’s friendly to pedicabs.

The most bike friendly cities in the world are leading the way, engineering their streets to encourage biking. But these western cities are building bike infrastructure only for single riders. Perhaps the global south can lead the way with public transport built on human-powered service. The pedicab is the perfect place to start!

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  • Adam

    Thanks for sharing such a nice article.

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  • Thanks, Rob.

    Posted my comments on your blog.

  • Rob

    Thanks Benjamin, for the post and for the NextBillion shout-out. I did some thinking about the viability of pedicabs as a bottom of the pyramid business model, which I wrote about on NextBillion. Thought you might check it out – I’d be very interested in your comments.

  • I agree that it probably won’t be viable in the developed countries -the prohibitive factor being the cost of labor. Hence the tourist niche.

    (Although I’m willing to bet, if given the infra and the chance, the restaurant delivery boys in NYC might consider pedicabs as public transport vs. their current jobs.

    You can also tell how viable the pedicabs-as-transport business could be in the recent kerfuffle with the NYC commission and taxicabs. (see:


  • New York also has quite a large pedicab industry. As I searched in Flickr to find a good pedicab picture almost all the photos that came up were from New York. For awhile here in DC I played soccer with a guy who worked as a pedicab driver, but i think its mostly a tourist thing.

  • When I was in London I was interested to note that though the physical planning is focused very heavily on single-rider bikes, there have emerged several networks (coops?) of people providing pedicab service… So now you see white Londoners straining at the handlebars to convey, in my observation, mainly East Asian tourists around the city. Kind of a nice role reversal in some ways. But the deeper bottom line seemed to be that it was still only an expensive “niche” service, used by well-heeled tourists. In most northern cities I doubt it is really a viable mass-transit option.