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Kids Ride Free on New York City Transit
Kids in NYC will keep their passes to ride to and from school on city transit. Photo via shell belle.

The big city may wear them out, but at least they'll keep their free MetroCards. Photo via shell belle.

As school systems around the country start charging kids for their rides on the yellow school bus – or even cutting bus service altogether – a tentative deal worked out with state legislators in Albany reportedly will give the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) $25 million to subsidize New York kids’ rides to school.

The MTA’s school transportation program gives 300,000 New York City schoolchildren free passes to ride the subway or the bus to school, and 285,000 more receive reduced-fare cards.

The MTA’s school transit program is really a huge bargain for the state – transporting far more students at a far lower cost than the Department of Education’s yellow school bus program. And the $25 million is less than 1/8 of the $214 million that the program costs. But it was enough to keep the MTA from scrapping the program altogether, as it thought it might be forced to in an attempt to redress this year’s $750 million deficit after the state lowered its contribution to just $6 million (from $45 million annually) in November 2009.

The city government will continue to contribute $45 million for the students’ MetroCards – the same amount it has contributed annually for the past 15 years. Prior to 1994, the city and state governments split the cost of the program; in 1995, the city, state, and MTA agreed to divide the costs equally. But since then, MTA has covered more and more of the costs. (Read this post to learn about how  “multiple layers of government don’t always support each other.”)

Free Rides Too Scarce in United States

Free rides for students can relieve low-income families of a huge financial burden while encouraging a culture of public transit ridership that kids will carry into adulthood.

Few cities around the country give free rides to students; reduced-fare rides are much more common, particularly now that public transit systems are struggling across the country from state and city budget cuts.  Boston, Mass. for instance, gives junior high and high school students a 50% discount on their T passes, while younger students ride for free with adults.

Portland, Ore. however,  offers a unique case of a new free student ridership program. Just under a year ago, Portland started letting high school students ride TriMet for free using a special TriMet student pass. In this case, the funding comes from Portland’s business energy tax credit, which gives tax credits to businesses that support transit solutions to reduce Oregonians annual 39 billion vehicle miles traveled (VMT).

Roanoke, Va. also recently implemented a free pass for all students under 18 to ride the city’s buses.  In this case, the city implemented the new free passes along with a 20% fare increase for other riders, which boosted revenue enough to pay for the “Students Ride Free” program. The idea for free rides came from the V.O.Y.C.E. (Valuing Our Youth through Community Engagement) initiative, which works toward creating a safer environment and more opportunities for low-income youth in Roanoke. The city also implemented the plan in the hopes that free rides will encourage a culture of bus-riding.

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  • starting them off right! RT @free4all2u: Kids Ride Free on New York City Transit http://bit.ly/cV3xnE

    This comment was originally posted on Twitter

  • Re: Michael
    Thanks for your comments from Portland! Please keep us updated on the status of the free rides program, and also let us know if you would like to write a blog post about the troubles the program is facing.
    Thanks!

  • Re: Jarrett:
    Thanks for your interesting comments. We realize we might have sounded like we were blaming the MTA for the program cuts. Really, we were trying to convey that they might have been forced to cut the program because of funding cuts from the state.

    In the meantime, with this post, we wanted to focus mostly on the good news, which is that students’ free fare cards will not be cut.

    We have revised the post now to try to make all of this clearer, and have also linked to your post (as well as Noah Kazis’s Streetsblog post) so that people can learn more about the funding issues.

  • This tone of this article — and much of the other coverage of this issue — wrongly presumes that MTA was the deciding agent, and thus perpetuates a common journalistic bias against transit agencies and in favor of the state governments on whom they must rely for funding.

    The crisis arose because the State of New York simply reneged on a funding agreement that supported the free student rides. (The agreement was also poorly designed so that new costs fell entirely on MTA as costs rose.) Obviously the state is happy for MTA to take the heat, but responsible journalism should follow the money and find the proper site of blame.

    A choice by MTA to retain the student discount without state money would required truly massive service cuts affecting all New Yorkers.

    For more on the real story, see here:

    http://www.humantransit.org/2009/12/bail-out-new-yorks-transit-system.html

  • Our new program here in Portland is endangered — not just by proposed reforms to the business energy tax credit but by the school budget itself. Quite possibly it’ll be gone after next year.

  • @DougCraig2010 RT@freetransit @TheCityFix Encouraging Bus-Riding Culture Kids Ride Free on NY City Transit. http://bit.ly/9qGcOT

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  • new we’re talking! RT @TheCityFix: Encouraging Bus-Riding Culture: Kids Ride Free on New York City Transit. http://bit.ly/9qGcOT

    This comment was originally posted on Twitter

  • Kids Ride Free on New York City Transit: thecityfix.com (blog)
    Roanoke, Va. also recently implemented a free pass … http://bit.ly/a2xNuB

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  • #transit #urban #MTA RT @TheCityFix Encouraging Bus-Riding Culture: Kids Ride Free on New York City Transit. http://bit.ly/9qGcOT

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  • Kids Ride Free on New York City Transit http://bit.ly/bCJmo9

    This comment was originally posted on Twitter

  • Gr8 idea. RT @TheCityFix: Encouraging Bus-Riding Culture: Kids Ride Free on New York City Transit. http://bit.ly/9qGcOT

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  • Encouraging Bus-Riding Culture: Kids Ride Free on New York City Transit http://bit.ly/9qGcOT (via @TheCityFix)

    This comment was originally posted on Twitter

  • Encouraging Bus-Riding Culture: Kids Ride Free on New York City Transit. http://bit.ly/9qGcOT

    This comment was originally posted on Twitter